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CEO Jack Dorseys turnaround effort has seen the social networking firms shares fall 41% since October. Perhaps it should stop trying to be what it is not

Twitters chief executive, Jack Dorsey, dug deep at an emergency morale-boosting session at the companys San Francisco headquarters on Thursday, urging staff to post tweets expressing their commitment to the embattled social networking firm.

There is no other platform as powerful or as inspiring, read one from an ad exec. I want to say I was there, read another. Another posted a picture that showed how your comfort zone and where the magic happens are two distinct places. He may have the support of staff, but Dorsey will need a lot more than upbeat tweets to make it through Twitters latest period of crisis.

The companys share price is in freefall, dropping more than 41% since Dorsey was named permanent CEO in October. Twitter has had seven product heads in six years, the service is failing to attract new users, and investors are frightened continually comparing Twitter unfavourably to Silicon Valleys most fashionable company, Facebook. And on top of all that, Dorsey is trying to midwife the difficult birth of his second company, the payments firm Square, at the same time.

Twitter, which did not return calls for comment, now claims 320 million users every month, 79% of whom are outside the US. But investors are concerned that audience is no longer growing rapidly, and Dorsey has made user growth the key metric to watch in his turnaround effort. Shareholders also compare Twitters progress with that of Facebook, which had 1.59 billion global users as of December 2015, yet Facebook is a very different business based on a closed, selective network compared with Twitters outward-facing publishing platform.

Continued pressure on the firm is taking its toll on staff, many of whom are based in Silicon Valley where talent is highly prized and easily poached. Panic set in on 24 January when news broke that four of the companys senior executive team were to leave. Twitters stock fell more than 4% following the news. On 10 February it releases its next set of quarterly results and investors will be punishing if, once more, the company fails to deliver.

Dorsey credits Alex Roetter and Kevin Weil with helping grow the companys robust advertising offering; Weil is reportedly moving to rival Instagram. Media head Katie Jacobs Stanton and HR chief Brian Skip Schipper are also stepping down, with current chief operating officer Adam Bain taking on more responsibility while replacements are found. Just days later, Twitter announced the appointment of new marketing chief Leslie Berland, whose job will rely on her ability to explain Twitters usefulness to consumers and advertisers.

Im not very optimistic about Twitter, said one partner at a Silicon Valley venture capital firm who did not want to be named. I think Twitter is on a slow decline, and Im not necessarily sure what feature set they could bring out thats going to ramp up their user growth.

On the other hand, many other investors said Twitter isnt going anywhere. One Twitter backer said his investment was on its way to becoming furniture of the internet, much like Wikipedia or Craigslist. That may be a compliment in Americas manufacturing towns, but not in Silicon Valley, where startups are obsessed with showing exponential growth and promise for future development.

One of the biggest challenges for Twitter is to simplify the service for new users. Veteran technology commentator Walt Mossberg has described Twitters convoluted secret handshake of rules and conventions, which can be confusing and intimidating to new users.

Jack

Jack Dorsey urged staff to post messages expressing confidence in the company after news that four of Twitters senior executives were to leave. Photograph: Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

It can take up a lot of time, said Ryan Lawler, former tech journalist and now partner at the venture firm 500 Startups. Lawler recently decluttered his digital life, unsubscribing from every Twitter account he followed, and then slowly started to add back useful accounts. He realised how complex Twitter is for new users. Its just such a painful process, Lawler said. If I were my mom or my dad, I dont know how I would start.

There are reasons to be cheerful. Revenue, mostly from advertising, was up 58% to $569.2m during the three months ended 30 September 2015. According to Bloomberg data, of more than 100 technology companies with at least $2bn in revenue for 2015, only one company had a faster pace of revenue growth in that quarter than Twitter; little-known tracking firm Zebra Technologies.

Twitter considers itself to be more engaged with the complex geopolitical issues of running a global communication platform than some of its rivals. At the companys developer event in San Francisco in October, Dorsey said: Twitter stands for freedom of expression, and will not rest until that is recognised as a fundamental human right. Scott Kessler, an S&P Capital IQ analyst who covers Twitter, has a better idea: shut up about user growth and emphasize the health of the business.

If theres an opposite version of the flavour of the month, Twitter is it, said Kessler, who stressed that he rated the company a strong buy. Theyre being lumped in with [poorly performing tech firms] GoodFit and GoPro. Those two companies make personal electronics Twitter is a global communications platform that continues to grow revenue. I would try to shift the conversation from MAUs [monthly active users] to well, fill in the blank.

Kessler observed that the companys advertising revenue approaches $2bn and that its $3.5bn in on-hand cash isnt being used particularly well. If the company wants to beef up its standing in the stock exchanges, Kessler said, it should not start all its earnings calls with apologies and buy back some shares to please investors. The shares are in our opinion excessively oversold; that has more to do with negative sentiment than negative fundamentals, he added. Someone needs to kind of take a stand and hopefully theyll emphasise some of the positives and not work to be done.

Theyre never going to be Facebook, Kessler said. And thats OK.

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